I should like to concentrate, however, on some central tenets of his book EEP.
1. Social class divisions:
- 'Upper ten' (the court and nobles)
- 'Middle class' (the professional and studious)
- 'Commercial class' (the retail tradesman)
- 'Young men and young ladies' (servants, porters, mechanics etc.)
- 'Dangerous classes'
- He is aware of the observer paradox.
- He is also well aware of the volatility of his data ("the sounds of language are very fleeting")
- Ellis points to the fact that there’s a great deal of variation as far as pronunciation of one and the same word is concerned. So he takes a descriptive stance.
- He introduces the conception of a mean incorporating variation.
- received pronunciation
- dialectal pronunciation
- r.p. is regionally unmarked.
- there's a certain degree of "regional colouring" of r.p.
- "received speech is altogether a made language, not a natural growth".