It seems that the decision to mark pronunciation in the dictionary was not one of Murray's. According to MacMahon the idea formally first appeared in the "Canones Lexicographici; or Rules to be Observed in Editing the New English Dictionary" in 1860. These rules were defined in December 1859 and January 1860 and revised in April and May of the same year by a committee of the Philological Society consisting of these gentlemen:
- The Very Rev. The Dean of Westminster
- Theodore Goldstucker, Esq.
- Thomas Hewitt Key, Esq.
- Thomas Watts, Esq.
- Hensleigh Wedgwood, Esq.
- Frederick James Furnivall, Esq.
- Francis Pulszky, Esq.
- Herbert Coleridge, Esq.
III. The Arrangement of each Article shall be as follows :
α. The Word to be explained.
β. The Pronunciation and Accent shall be marked; and any changes which the former may have undergone shall be briefly pointed out.
|credit: National Portrait Gallery|
On the 10th of May 1860 Derwent Coleridge read a paper to the Philological Society which was published as "Observations on the Plan of the Society's Proposed New English Dictionary" (TPS 7, 1: 152-168). In a footnote to p. 166 D. Coleridge writes:
More on this in one of my next blog entries.